Helping students build their writing repertoire and vocabulary acquisition requires teachers to model what good writers do. When my students are working on a short response or extended response, I offer graphic organizers and sentence frames to help my students write and revise their writing to meet learning targets.
Particularly for my ENL students who might not have the words or academic language just yet, providing these scaffolded strategies can help to develop students’ writing muscles and vocabulary necessary for academic writing.
Depending on the writing task, the graphic organizers are adapted to help fit the prompt. For example, wrote a short response to meet CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.8.9 –
Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types.
The prompt stated: Choose a quote from Gandhi that you feel best exemplifies the protagonist and his/her journey midway throughout the text. Be sure to include two (2) or more textual details (direct quotes) to support your claim.
Students were given a bank with ten Gandhi quotes:
“A man is but a product of his thoughts. What he thinks he becomes.”
“Be the change that you want to see in the world.”
“I will not let anyone walk through my mind with their dirty feet.”
“Strength does not come from physical capacity. It comes from an indomitable will.”
“An ounce of patience is worth more than a ton of preaching.”
“In a gentle way, you can shake the world.”
“Without action, you aren’t going anywhere.”
“Continue to grow and evolve.”
“An eye for an eye will make the whole world blind.”
“Nobody can hurt me without my permission.”
Providing students with a graphic organizer can help students tract their thinking, make connections, and outline their understanding. This graphic organizer helps direct students what to write about.
For my ENL and ELL students who are developing academic language and vocabulary to articulate their thinking about the text, offering sentence frames provides the necessary format and language needed to meet the learning target.
What looks like Mad Libs can give students the confidence to show what they know and develop their written communication skills.
For more ideas for sentence frames and scaffolding student writing from other teachers, check out this blog post from Larry Ferlazzo.