Angela Duckworth’s Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance (2016) is filled with resourceful information for educators and parents regarding passion, hard work, and determination.
As the genius hour movement and passion projects storm through classrooms around the world, teachers like myself ask what is genius and how it is different from talent and mastery.
Teacher and parents emphasize talent is the deciding factor in a person’s success, but Duckworth argues that work ethic and effort is ranked higher than talent in measuring a person’s grittiness. Duckworth writes, “A preoccupation with talent can be harmful . . .by shining our spotlight on taken, we risk leaving everything else in the shadows. We inadvertently send the message that these other factors – including grit – don’t matter as much as they really do.” (p. 31)
In fact, Duckworth’s formula for success is
2(Effort) + Talent = Success
Talent x Effort = Skill
Skill x Effort = Achievement
So, one “becomes a genius” and “acquires greatness.” She taps into Malcolm Gladwell’s concept of 10,000 hours described in his book Outliers. “Consistency of effort over the long run is everything.” (p. 50) Duckworth describes “strivers as “improving in skill, employing skill, through hours and hours and hours of beating on your craft.” (p. 51) Yes, to do anything really well, you have to overextend yourself, as the writer John Irving points out.
Grit is loyalty and dedication and “there are no shortcuts to excellence.” (p. 54)
Grit has two components, “passion and perseverance.” (p. 56)
Passion is a “compass – that thing that takes you some time to build, tinker with, and finally get right, and that then guides you on your long and winding road to where, ultimately you want to be.” (p. 60).
To find one’s passion or tap into one’s passion the question to ask is What is your life philosophy? What are you trying to get out of life?
To help answer these questions, Duckworth borrows a three step strategy from self made millionaire, Warren Buffett.
- Write down a list of 25 career goals.
- Circle the five highest priority goals.
- Look at the 20 goals you didn’t circle. These are your distractors. Avoid them at all costs.
Then, ask yourself, “To what extent do these goals serve a common purpose?” (p. 68)
Grit grows and it begins with an interest, then practice – working daily and the discipline to skill driven practice. Then comes purpose and finally hope. Duckworth writes, “passion for your work is a little bit of discovery, followed by a lot of development and then lifetime of deepening.” (p. 103) Play is necessary during the discovery phase. Once a passion or discovery is made, then comes development or “continuous improvement or deliberate practice” (p. 118) until mastery.
Purpose is also key, “the idea that what we do matters to people other than ourselves.” (p. 145) NO matter one’s age, one can always cultivate a sense of purpose. Find inspiration in role models, think about how your current work enhances your core values, and reflect on how the work you are doing makes a positive contribution to society (p. 166).
“Growth mindset and grit go together.” (p. 181) Yes, the power of positive thinking. As Henry Ford said, “Whether you think you can, or think you can’t – you are right.”
Growth mindset >> optimistic self talk >> perseverance over adversity
So what does this all mean for parents and teachers?
Demand high standards
Language is everything – What you say and how you say it matters
Offer Loving support and Trust
You are models
Allow children to cultivate interests
Failures are going to happen, how we respond makes all the difference
“Always reach for your best.” (p. 266)
Character is necessary to grow and flourish. Grit isn’t everything.
Genius is “working towards excellence, ceaselessly with every element of your being.”
Everyone has the ability to grow genius.